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美國公民入籍100新試題 Naturalization Pilot Civics Questions

(年滿65歲、持綠卡20年以上者,只須回答有星字符號的考題)

第一部分)
AMERICAN GOVERNMENT
美國政府
(A)Principles of American Democracy
(A)美國民主原則


1.What is the supreme law of the land?
問:何為美國最高法律?
A:The Constitution 答:憲法

2.What does the Constitution do?
問:憲法的作用是什麼?
A:It sets up the government.
答:建立政府體系
A:defines the government
答:設立政府規範
A:protects basic rights of Americans
答:保障人民各項基本權利

3. The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?
問:憲法的前三個字說明人民自治的概念,這三字是什麼?
A:We the People
答:我們人民

4. What is an amendment?
問:什麼叫修正案?
A:a change (to the Constitution)
答:(憲法的)修正條款
A: an addition (to the Constitution)
答:(憲法的)增補條款

5.What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?
問: 現行憲法的前10項修正案被稱作什麼?
A:The Bill of Rights
答:人权法案

6. What is the one right or freedom from the First Amendment?
問:舉出憲法第一修正案中的任何一項自由或權利。
A:Speech
答:言論自由
A:Religion
答:宗教自由
A:Assembly.
答:集會結社自由
A:Press
答:出版自由
A:Petition the government
答:人民有向政府請願自由

7.How many amendments does the Constitution have?
問:目前憲法有多少修正案?
A:Twenty-seven (27)
答:27項修正案

8.What did the Declaration of Independence do?
問:「獨立宣言」的作用為何?
A:announce our independence (from Great Britain)
答:宣佈美國脫離英國獨立
A: declared our independence (from Great Britain)
答:宣告美國脫離英國而獨立
A: said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)
答:說明美國脫離英國而獨立

9: What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?
問:說出「獨立宣言」中的兩項權利。
A: Life
答:生命的權利
A: Liberty
答:自由的權利
A: Pursuit of happiness.
答:追求幸福的權利

10.What is freedom of religion?
問:什麼是宗教自由?
A:You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.
答:你可以信仰任何宗教,也可以什麼宗教都不信。

*11.What is the economic sys-tem in the U.S. have?
問:美國是什麼樣的經濟制度?
A:Capitalist economy
答:資本主義經濟
A:Market economy
答:市場經濟

12. What is the “rule of law”?
問:法治是什麼意思?
A: Everyone must follow the law
答:每個人都得遵守法律
A: Leaders must obey the law
答:領袖也必須遵守法律
A: Government must obey the law.
答:政府也得遵守法律
A: No one is above the law
答:沒有任何人能超越法律
(B)System of Government
(B)政府體制

*13. Name one branch or part of the government.
問:說出政府三大體制中的任何一部分。
A:congress 答:國會
A:legislative 答:立法
A:President 答:總統
A:executive 答:行政
A:the courts 答:法院
A:judicial 答:司法

14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?
問:有何方式可防止政府變得權力大太?
A:checks and balances 答:制衡
A:separation of powers 答:權力分立

15.Who is in charge of the executive branch?
問:行政部門由誰負責?
A:The President 答:總統

16.Who makes federal laws?
問:誰負責制定聯邦法律?
A:Congress 答:國會
A:Senate and House (of Representatives) 答:參院及眾院
A:(U.S. or national)legislature. 答:(美國或國家)立法機構

*17.What are the two parts of the United States Congress?
問:美國國會由那兩部分組成?
A:The Senate and House (of Representatives)
答:參院及眾院

18. How many U. S. Senators are there?
問:聯邦參院有多少位參議員?
A:One hundred (100) 答:100位

19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?
問:我們多久選一次聯邦參議員?
A:Six(6) 答:每六年

*20. Who is one of your state's U.S. Senators?
問:說出你的州的兩位聯邦參議員中的任何一個名字。
A:Answers will vary.
答:答案各州不同
(住在華府哥倫比亞特區或美國屬地的居民應試者,當地沒有聯邦參議員。)

21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
問:眾院能有投票權的眾議員有多少位?
A:435 答:435位

22.We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?
問:我們多久選一次聯邦國會眾議員?
A:Two(2) 答:每兩年

23. Name your U.S. Representative.
問:說出你選區所在的眾議員的名字。
A: Answers will vary. [Residents of territories with nonvoting delegates or resident commissioners may provide the name of that representative or commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) representatives in Congress.]
答:各人答案會有不同
(住在當地國會代表沒有投票權的美國屬地的應試者,可以說明當地代表或是議員的姓名,或是可以說明自己選區沒有眾議員。)

24.Who does a U.S. Senator represent?
問:聯邦參議員代表何人?
A:All people of the state
答:參議員代表所在州的所有民眾

25. Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?
問:為何有些州國會眾議員的人數比其他州多?
A:(because of) the state’s population.
答:由那個州的人口多少而決定
A:(because) they have more people.
問:因為那個州有更多的人口
A:(because) some states have more people.
問:因為有些州的人口比其他州的多

26.We elect a President for how many years?
問:我們每幾年選一次總統?
A:Four (4) years
答:每四年一次

*27. In what month do we vote for President?
問:我們在那一個月選總統?
A:November 答:11月

28.What is the name of the President of the United States?
問:目前美國總統的名字是什麼?
A: Barack H. Obama
答:歐巴瑪

29.Who is the Vice President of the United States now?
問:現任副總統是誰?
A: Joe Biden
拜登

30.If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
問:如果總統不能視事,誰會變成總統?
A:The Vice President
答:副總統

31.If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
問:如果總統、副總統都不能視事,由誰來作總統?
A:The Speaker of the House
答:眾院議長

32.Who is the Commander-in-Chief of the military?
問:誰是三軍統帥?
A:The President 答:總統

33.Who signs bills to become laws?
問:國會通過的法案由誰簽署生效變成法律?
A:The President 答:總統

34. Who vetoes bills?
問:誰能否決國會通過的法案?
A:The President 答:總統

35.What does the President's Cabinet do?
問:總統的內閣做什麼事?
A:Advises the President
答:他們對總統提出建議

36. What are two Cabinet-level positions?
問:任舉兩個內閣的部長職位。
A:Secretary of Agriculture
答:農業部長
A:Secretary of Commerce
答:商務部長
A:Secretary of Defense
答:國防部長
A:Secretary of Education
答:教育部長
A:Secretary of Energy
答:能源部長
A:Secretary of Health and Human Services
答:衛生與福利部長
A:Secretary of Homeland Security
答:國內安全部長
A:Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
答:住宅與都市發展部長
A:Secretary of Interior
答:內政部長
A:Secretary of State
答:國務卿
A:Secretary of Transportation
答:運輸部長
A:Secretary of Treasury
答:財政部長
A:Secretary of Veterans’ Affairs
答:退伍軍人事務部長
A:Secretary of Labor
答:勞工部長
A:Attorney General
答:司法部長

37.What does the judicial branch do?
問:司法部門做什麼事?
A:Reviews laws
答:檢討現有法律
A: Explains laws
答:解釋法律
A:Resolves disputes (disagreements)
答:解決爭議
A:Decides if a law goes against the Constitution
答:決定某一法律是否抵觸憲法

38. What is the highest court in the United States?
問:美國最高的法院是什麼?
A: the Supreme Court
答:聯邦最高法院

39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
問:聯邦最高法最高法院有幾位大法官?
A: nine(9) 答:九位

40.Who is the Chief Justice of the United States?
問:誰是目前的聯邦首席大法官?
A:John Roberts(John G. Roberts, Jr.)
答:約翰•羅伯茲

41. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?
問:根據憲法,有些權力屬於聯邦政府。舉出一項聯邦政府的權力。
A: to print money
答:印鈔票
A: to declare war
答:宣戰
A: to create an army
答:建立軍隊
A: to make treaties
答:簽訂條約

42. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one of the states?
問:根據憲法,有些權力屬於州政府。舉出一項州政府權力的例子。
A: provide schooling and education 答:提供教育
A: provide protection (police)
答:提供治安保護(警察)
A: provide safety (fire department)
答:提供安全(消防局)
A: give a driver's license
答:提供駕照
A: approve zoning and land use
答:審批區劃和土地使用

43.Who is the Governor of your state?
問:你居住州的州長是誰?
A:Answers will vary.(District of Columbia and U.S. Territory
residents would answer that they do not have a state governor.)
答:答案會有不同。(哥倫比亞特區和美國屬地居民,應回答他們沒有州長.)

44.What is the capital of your state?
問:你居住州的首府在哪堙H
A:Answers will vary. (District of Columbia residents would answer that DC is not a state, and that therefore it does not have a capital.)
答:答案會有不同。(哥倫比亞特區居民,應回答哥倫比亞特區不是一個州,因此沒有首府)。

*45.What are the two major political parties in the U.S.?
問:美國當今兩大政黨為何?
A:Democrats and Republicans
答:民主党及共和党

46.What is the political party of the President now?
問:現任總統屬於哪個政黨?
A:
Democratic
Political party[url=/wiki/Democratic_Party_%28United_States%29]Democratic[/url]
答:民主党
47.Who is the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
問:現任國會眾院議長是誰?
A:Nancy Pelosi
答:南西•波洛西
(C):Rights and Responsibilities
(C):權利與責任

48. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.
問:憲法堶惘野|條關於哪些人擁有投票權的修正案,試舉一項。
A:Citizen (18) and older can vote.
答:任何年滿18歲的公民都可以投票
A:You don't have to pay to vote .(You don't have to pay a poll tax to vote.)
答:不必繳錢就可以投票(不必繳投票稅就可以投票)
A:Any citizen can vote.(Women and men can vote.)
答:任何男性或女性公民都可以投票 (男性和女性都可以投票)
A:A male citizen of any race can vote.
答:任何種族的男性公民都可以投票

*49.What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?
問:舉出一項只有美國公民才有的責任。
A:Vote 答:投票
A:Serve on a jury
答:當陪審員

50. What are two rights only for United States citizens?
問:舉出兩項只有美國公民才擁有的權利。
A:apply for a federal job
答:申請聯邦工作的權利
A:vote 答:投票權
A:run for office
答:競選公職的權利


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当初花了3个月
把100道题全部默写下来
一题不错的情况下去考了试
结果 100分通过。。。
怀念怀念
一瓶红酒,并不是只在乎里面味道,更在乎的是它的美好记忆。
91. Name one U.S. territory.
問:試舉美國一個領地。

A: Puerto Rico 答:波多黎各
A: U.S. Virgin Islands 答:美屬維京群島
A: American Samoa 答:美屬薩摩亞
A: Northern Mariana Islands 答:北馬利亞納群島
A: Guam 答:關島

我还没学过这个
一瓶红酒,并不是只在乎里面味道,更在乎的是它的美好记忆。
目前正在背這個
大家加油~
我很需要,快入籍拉。谢谢
有意思!
有時間看看也不錯
..
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